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The bowl of Ouargla has several wetlands of international importance including the chott of Ain El Beida. The site is characterized by an important fauna and flora whose protection constitutes currently a major national concern. The chott has served as an outlet for all wastewater and drainage water from the bowl in order to avoiding its engorgement. This site is at this time seat of a metal pollution. The detection of heavy metals will undoubtedly have adverse consequences on the ecological characteristics of the site.
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